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How to improve the evaluation and monitoring of scientific, technical and innovative development of Ukraine for economic growth

On May 30, 2024, the international seminar “Monitoring of Scientific, Technical, and Innovative Development of Ukraine” was held at the Institute for Economics and Forecasting of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, co-organized by UNECE and the Ukrainian IP Office.

The seminar was opened with welcome speeches from Anatoly Zagorodny, President of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, and Valeriy Heyets, Director of the Institute. Denis Kurbatov, Deputy Minister of Education and Science, also sent a greeting.

Approximately 100 participants attended the seminar, including representatives from the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine, the Ministry of Economy of Ukraine, and the Ukrainian IP Office. Representatives from UNECE traveled to Kyiv for in-person participation.

The relevance of scientific, technical, and innovative development is increasing due to global processes and the unprecedented challenges posed by the full-scale invasion. Developing effective national policies in science and innovation and their implementation requires prompt, relevant information on various aspects of science and innovation development, especially the personnel component and the connection between science and economic growth.

Olena Orliuk, Director of the Ukrainian National Office of Intellectual Property and Innovations, reported on the role of intellectual property in innovation processes and IP office’s activities in building innovation infrastructure.

Inna Shatova, Deputy Head of the Department of Intellectual Property and Innovations of the Ministry of Economy of Ukraine, focused on the regulatory and legal support for developing the intellectual property sector.

Oleksandra Antoniouk, Head of the Scientific Committee of the National Council of Ukraine on Science and Technology Development, familiarized participants with the activities of the Scientific Committee and its role in evaluating scientific, technical, and innovative activities in Ukraine.

Victor Grinchenko, former Director of the Institute of Hydromechanics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, presented his perspective on the use and impact of quantitative assessment indicators on research activity effectiveness.

Experts from the UNECE, Ralf Heinrich and Oscar Fast, presented a system of key indicators for monitoring innovation activities based on a combination of data from various sources (State Statistics Service, Ministry of Education and Science, WEF, etc.).

Their colleague, Janez Šušteršič, emphasized the use of data for policy formulation and provided examples of using non-traditional data sources for monitoring scientific, technical, and innovative development, such as application data for research calls and metadata from scientific publications.

Continuing the previous topic, Vitalii Gryga and Yulia Ryzhkova from the Institute for Economics and Forecasting  (IEF) of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine discussed issues with official statistics for monitoring scientific, technical, and innovation activities, ways to use data in policy formation, and the alignment of different indicators of strategic science and innovation development.

Olena Chmyr, Head of the Academic Resources Department at State Scientific Institution "Ukrainian Institute of Scientific and Technical Expertise and Information" (UkrISTEI), talked about the potential of using the national repository of academic texts for evaluation in the scientific and technical field of Ukraine as an additional source of operational information.

Igor Yegorov, Head of the Department of Innovation Policy, Economics, and Organization of High Technologies at the Institute of Economics and Forecasting of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, focused his presentation on the methodological aspects and experience of calculating the European Innovation Scoreboard for Ukraine, as well as the prospects for its further use.

In the second part of the seminar, a panel discussion was held, moderated by Oleksandra Antoniouk (Scientific Committee of the National Council of Ukraine on Science and Technology Development, Doctor of physics and mathematics). Active participants in the discussion included Olha Kronda (IP Office Head of Department, PhD in Law), Oleg Khymenko (Head of the main department of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine), Volodymyr Khaustov (Scientific Manager of the IEF, PhD in Engineering), Andrii Kovalenko (chief researcher Institute for Demography and Life Quality Problems NASU, Corresponding Member of NASU), Olena Chmyr (Department Head of UkrISTEI, Doctor of economic sciences), Victor Grinchenko (Academician, ex-director of Institute of Hydromechanics), and other seminar participants.

During the discussion, the need to strengthen the influence of the expert community on the development of the statistical system for monitoring scientific, technical, and innovation activities was noted, as well as the importance of implementing modern technologies in the economy and critically analyzing relevant data. Additionally, the issue of evaluating scientific activities in the context of the new methodology for the attestation of scientific institutions and higher education establishments regarding their scientific (scientific-technical) activities sparked a lively debate.

The event underscored the importance of involving scientists in addressing the current challenges of national economic recovery and development under wartime conditions, as well as the effectiveness of establishing a productive dialogue between science, the public, and state governance bodies in policy development and implementation processes.

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Key research projects on the recovery of Ukraine’s economy: proposals by the Institute for Economics and Forecasting

On May 27, 2024, the second meeting was held to present the results of the study on the TOP-17 key projects of research institutes for the recovery of Ukraine’s economy. The professional discussion was held in accordance with the work schedule established by the Scientific Discussion Platform at the Ministry of Economy of Ukraine.

During the scientific discussion, the following urgent topics were discussed:

  1. Scenario forecasting: different volumes of international aid (received / not received) (first stage).
  2. Introduction of a special taxation regime for producers in defense industry.
  3. Substitution of imports in public procurement via localization (elevators, cables, road equipment, furniture, light industry).
  4. Increasing authorized capital of the Export Credit Agency (ECA) for insurance/crediting of export contracts and insuring the investments against military risks (solution: attraction of USD 300+ million).

The results of scientific research on the first three points were presented by the departments of Modeling and Forecasting of Economic Development, Public Finance and Industrial Policy of the SO "Institute for Economics and Forecasting of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine", those on the fourth one – by the State Research Institute of Digitalization and Modeling of the Economy.

In particular, the Head of the Department of Modeling and Forecasting of Economic Development, Maria SKRYPNYCHENKO, reported on the results of scenario assessments of macroeconomic indicators under various variants of international aid to Ukraine.

Head of the Department of Public Finance, Inna LUNINA presented the results of a scenario assessment of the impact of the introduction of a special taxation regime for defense industry producers on budget indicators and proposals for the introduction of a special taxation regime for producers in the defense-industrial complex via various tax instruments.

Researchers of the Industrial Policy Department - Olena TSYPLITSKA, Oksana KUSHNIRENKO, Olena SNIHOVA, and Maria ZAVHORODNYA identified the problems that prevent Ukrainian industrial producers from winning in public procurement, and proposed various measures to stimulate import substitution for such types of products as elevators, cables, road equipment, furniture, and light industry. products

Based on the research results, all reports included the assessments of the impact of specific projects on key macroeconomic indicators: the country's GDP, employment, budget, balance of payments, etc.

The published scientific results caused a lively discussion among the participants, during which the importance and necessity of their quick practical implementation was emphasized.

The event showed the importance of involving scientists in solving the urgent problems of the recovery and development of Ukraine’s economy in the conditions of military challenges and the effectiveness of establishing an effective dialogue between science, the public and governing bodies.

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About the processes of European integration in the statistics of RAD and innovations

On May 13-14, 2024, the international seminar "Opening up Data for Research on Ukraine" was held in the Institute of Innovation and Competitiveness of the Max Planck Society in Munich (Germany). The Head of Department of Innovation Policy, Economics and Organization of High Technologies of the Institute for Economics and Forecasting of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Doctor of economics, Professor, Corresponding member of the NAS of Ukraine Igor Yegorov took part in this seminar, where a wide range of issues related to the state of science and innovation in Ukraine during the war were considered.


Participants of the seminar:
Igor Yegorov is the first from the left

In addition to participating in general discussion, Prof. Yegorov made a separate report "Differences and similarities between Ukrainian and international data on science, technology and innovation". Although Ukraine has begun harmonizing its statistical information in the area of science and innovation more than 10 years ago, this process is far from complete. In many cases, Ukrainian official statistics uses the same definitions as the OECD countries, but data collection and calculation methods do not meet international standards, as was demonstrated by the example of full equivalent of employment indicators. In addition, the State Statistical Service of Ukraine does not provide data on financing in comparative prices and does not provide specific deflators for the scientific sphere, which complicates the assessment of the dynamics of the corresponding processes.

Another problem is a limited access to the sources of information. First, not all groups of innovative enterprises are properly represented in statistical surveys. Secondly, according to the current legal regulations, access to data of individual research organizations and innovative enterprises is limited. This situation must be changed by using more "flexible" procedures for the analysis of the sphere of innovation, research and development, in particular, it is worth clarifying the content of individual indicators, removing restrictions on the provision of open data on innovative enterprises that are monopolies in one or another industry; to expand the possibilities of statistical groupings of enterprises and organizations, depending on the objectives of one or another survey. This would help to conduct international comparisons more effectively, which are necessary to accelerate the processes of European integration in the field of statistics of science and innovation. 

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At an invitation to Korea – by feelings and understanding

In April, the Head of the Sector of International Financial Relations of the Public Finance Department Doctor of Economics at this Institute, Professor Olena Borzenko saw with her own eyes the "miracle on the Han River" (that's how they call the South Korean economic miracle of the second half of the 20th century), at the invitation of the Korea Foundation (KF) during her visit to the Republic of Korea together with representatives of the USA, Indonesia, Tanzania, Senegal, Jordan, Yemen and Slovakia.

            Each invited participant was personally greeted by the President of the Korea Foundation, Amb. Gheewhan Kim.


At the Korea Trade and Investment Agency

            Representatives of the Federation of Korean Industries (FKI) visually introduced the guests to the macroeconomic indicators of the Republic of Korea over the last more than 60 years (since 1961), stressing that industrial business, and domestic investors restored the country side by side with state institutions. And representatives of the global marketplace (e-commerce platform) - the Korea Trade-Investment Promotion Agency (KOTRA), which has a branch in Kyiv - describe how they are helping Korean businesses grow at the international level today.

O. Borzenko at the National Bank of Korea

            At the National Bank of Korea, guests were shown the presentation on "The Financial System of North Korea and Modern Economic Problems" with a comparison of macroeconomic indicators, exchange rate dynamics, living standards and education of North Korea (Democratic People's Republic of Korea) and South Korea (Republic of Korea).

At the Space Technology Center of SK Telecom T.um

            Participants of the exchange program of the Korea Foundation had the opportunity to verify this by visiting a number of organizations, including the Global Knowledge Exchange & Development Center in Seoul. At the Hyundai Research Institute (HRI), the visitors were shown a car of the future, the fuel for which is hydrogen obtained from water, and at the Space Technology Center of SK Telecom T.um (T.um is 'Technology, U-topia, Museum') - a new world where everything is connected with services based on artificial intelligence.

Olena Borzenko and Mingyeon Jong

            Within the Korea Foundation program, Doctor of Economics, Professor Olena Borzenko met with South Korean scientific colleagues - Professor of the Department of Economics at Seoul National University Bonggeun Kim and Researcher from the Korea Institute of International Economic Policy Minhyeon Jeong. They emphasized that it was high school, education, science and innovation that became the driver of the recovery of the Republic of Korea, and the main component of the "Miracle on the Han River" is a hard, conscious and selfless work.

            During the visit, a preliminary agreement was reached on the signing of memorandums of cooperation between the Institute for Economics and Forecasting of NAS of Ukraine and the Department of Economics of Seoul National University, as well as between the Institute for Economics and Forecasting of NAS of Ukraine and the Korea Institute of International Economic Policy (KIEP). These documents will provide for the implementation of joint projects, holding international conferences, seminars and round tables, and publishing international monographs and collections of scientific works.

Korean Demilitarized Zone



            At the end of the visit, the guests visited the two-kilometer Korean Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) between the Republic of Korea and the Democratic People's Republic of Korea.

More information – on the NAS website of Ukraine

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Forecast of macroeconomic indicators

Forecast of macroeconomic indicators prepared for the April issue of the Consensus Forecast of macro-indicators of Ukraine’s economy for 2024-2027 (April, 2024). 

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Announcement

Dear colleagues!

We invite you to take part in the international scientific and practical conference "INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL ASPECTS OF UKRAINES ECONOMY RECOVERY", which will be held on June 6, 2024 at the SO "Institute for Economics and Forecasting of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine".

The conference aims to exchange scientific views and practical developments on key  aspects regarding topical issues of the recovery of Ukraine’s economy in the conditions of martial law.

Venue: 01011, Kyiv, 26, Panasa Myrnoho Str., State Organization "Institute

for Economics and Forecasting of NAS of Ukraine".

Beginning: at 10:00 a.m.

Conference working languages: Ukrainian, English

Moderator: Dr. Sc., Professor Olena BORZENKO

Poster presentation: 15-20 minutes

Participant’s presentation: 8-10 minutes

During the conference, discussions are planned in the following scientific directions:

  • The role and opportunities of the banking system of Ukraine in martial law
  • International financial organizations in the process of economic modernization of Ukraine
  • The role of public-private partnership in the economic recovery of Ukraine
  • International cooperation and international financing for the Ukrainian economy recovery
  • The role of international financial funds and organizations in the transformation of Ukraine’s economy
  • Debt strategy and assessment of the state’s debt security level
  • Transnational corporations as global investors of today
  • International capital migration in contemporary conditions

Registration of participants and submission of abstracts (file name, e.g.: Surname_abstract) is carried out via the link: https://forms.gle/vmrSK8SxjJAPYz3M9

Deadline for registration and submission of abstracts: June 4, 2024.

More information

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UN Declaration on the Rights of Peasants and Other People Working in Rural Areas – A Popular Overview

Researchers from the Department of Economy and Policy of Agrarian Transformations at the State Organization "Institute of Economics and Forecasting, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine" have developed a Manual titled "UN Declaration on the Rights of Peasants and Other People Working in Rural Areas: A Popular Exposition and Commentary".

The Manual provides information on the formation and international dissemination of the UNDROP, as well as individual articles of the document with explanations and justifications; it suggests ways to implement UNDROP through the introduction of development strategies at various levels of cooperation between states, organisations, civil society and peasant movements. This is an important step in strengthening the rights of peasants and promoting sustainable rural development.

The Manual targets a diverse audience, including rural populations, small-scale farmers, government representatives, and academic circles. Beyond information dissemination, it serves as a catalyst for the development and reinforcement of agrarian and rural policies in Ukraine.

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Перспективи українського літію

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Problems of the markets of goods and services in Ukraine under martial law

On April 4, 2024, at SO "Institute for Economics and Forecasting of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine", a Round Table on "Problems of the markets of goods and services in Ukraine under martial law" was held at the initiative of scientists of the Institute’s Department of Sectoral Forecasts and Market Conjuncture.

The Director of SO "Institute for Economics and Forecasting of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine", Academician of NAS of Ukraine Valeriy Heyets, Corresponding Member of NAS of Ukraine, Deputy Director of the Institute Serhii Korablin and Dr. of Economics, Head of the Department of Sectoral Forecasts and Market Conjuncture Vitaliy Wenger made welcome speeches. During the presentations and discussion, the participants have outlined various problems of the markets of goods and services in Ukraine, considered the changes that took place in the domestic and world markets after the beginning of large-scale armed aggression, and discussed promising directions for the further development of the markets. The Round Table was attended by numerous Ukrainian and foreign scientists.

Following the results of the round table meeting, speakers and participants are invited to publish the results of their research in the scientific journals "Economy of Ukraine" (category B), and "Economic Theory" (category B) and Scientific Bulletin of the International Association of Scientists. Series: economy, management, security, technologies (category B).

More information - on the NAS website of Ukraine

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The recovery must be “green”

PhD in Engineering Oleksandr Diachuk at the presentation of the National Energy and Climate Plan of Ukraine

Head of Department of the Energy Sector Development and Forecasting, PhD in Economics Roman Podolets and Leading Research Officer of this Department, PhD in Engineering Oleksandr Dyachuk, scientists of the Institute for Economics and Forecasting of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, took part in the meeting "Energy and Climate Governance in Ukraine - Towards a Green Recovery" in Brussels (Belgium), on March 21, 2024, at which the project of the National Energy and Climate Plan of Ukraine (NPEC) was presented to the European Commission.

All key Ukrainian ministries and agencies, together with independent experts under the auspices of the DiXi Group analytical center and the Institute of Economics and Forecasting of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, with the support of the British Embassy in Ukraine and the American Net Zero World Initiative, participated in the development of this plan. The process was coordinated by the Ministry of Economy of Ukraine.

During the preparation of the NECP, experts from the Institute for Economics and Forecasting of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine were primarily responsible for modelling and forecasting of the Ukrainian energy development and greenhouse gas emission dynamics, comprehensive assessing of contribution of implementing a wide range of decarbonization measures, renewable energy development, energy efficiency improvement, etc. towards achieving Ukraine's international commitments under the Energy Community, European integration (in particular, the Association Agreement between Ukraine, of the one part, and the European Union, the European Atomic Energy Community and their Member States, of the other part) and the 2015 Paris Climate Agreement. For this purpose, they use the TIMES-Ukraine model developed at the Institute, which is widely known at the national and international levels. It has been created to assess the dynamics of the energy system in the long-term perspective. The model is recognized worldwide, as evidenced by numerous scientific publications in the highest-rated professional journals. In recent years, the Institute for Economics and Forecasting of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine has been applying and developing this model in cooperation with US national laboratories, including the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL).

The Ukrainian team of NECP developers also met with representatives of the European Commission's Directorate-General for Energy. The main discussion focused on finalizing the draft NECP in accordance with the requirements of the European Union, as well as knowledge exchange, including on additional measures for decarbonizing Ukraine's economy. Furthermore, at the initiative of the Institute for Economics and Forecasting of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, some issues and preliminary modelling results for the NECP were discussed.

Read more on the website of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine

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